Diabetes Mellitus is an type of disease where the pancreas produces very little or no insulin, which is a hormone that assists the body’s tissues to absorb glucose (sugar) which allows it to be utilized for energy. The condition can also manifest when fat, muscle, and liver cells react poorly to insulin. For people suffering from the condition, sugar levels increase in urine and blood, which causes an excessive thirst, urination, appetite, and issues with protein and fat metabolism. The condition is different from the more common diabetes insipidus that is caused by the absence of vasopressin, a hormone which regulates the quantity of urine released. Diabetic Tea
The most prevalent cases of diabetes are people over 45 years old age, in those with a high body mass or who’re physically unfit; those who have immediate relatives with diabetes, and also in those from African, Hispanic, and Native American descent. The highest incidence of diabetes is found in Native Americans. More women than males have been diagnosed with the condition.
There are two kinds of diabetes.In type 1 diabetes, which typically occurs in the early years of childhood the pancreas stops producing insulin completely. It’s also known as insulin-dependent diabetes. In type 2 diabetes that develops in the older age (and in some teens) the body makes some insulin. However, it’s not producing enough insulin or the body doesn’t utilize it correctly. It is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
The first step to diagnose diabetes is measuring how much glucose that is present in the blood of an individual after he has been fasting (abstained from eating) for approximately eight hours. In certain cases, doctors identify diabetes through the oral test for glucose tolerance that measures the level of glucose before and after a certain amount of sugar is consumed. A different test that is being developed specifically for Type 1 diabetes looks for specific antibodies (proteins that are part of your immune system which fight foreign substances) found only in people who suffer from diabetes. The test can identify Type 1 diabetes at an earlier stage, which can reduce the risk of complications resulting from the condition.
After diagnosis of diabetes the treatment involves controlling the amount of glucose present in the blood, and preventing complications. In the case of diabetic, it may be achieved through regular exercise as well as a controlled diet and medications.
Patients with Type 1 diabetes require insulin injections, typically every two to four hours during the day, to supply the body with insulin it is unable to make. How much insulin is required is different from person to person and is influenced by factors like the intensity of exercise their diet and other health conditions. Most people suffering from Type 1 diabetes use a device several times per day to check the level of sugar in blood, which is measured by poking a fingertip. They then can alter the dose of insulin they inject as well as physical exercise or food intake to keep the blood sugar level at the normal range. Patients suffering from Type 1 diabetes must carefully manage their diet by spreading breakfast and lunches throughout the week, so that they don’t overburden the an insulin-producing system to aid cells to absorb glucose. Additionally, they should consume foods with complex sugars that break down slowly , causing an accelerated rise of blood sugar.
For those suffering from Type two diabetes, the treatment starts with exercising, diet control and weight loss, however, as time passes, this method could not be enough. The people who suffer from Type 2 diabetes typically work with nutritionists in forming the right diet that manages blood sugar levels in a way that they don’t rise rapidly after eating. The ideal meal is typically lower in saturated the fat (30 percentage or less of the total calories) and contains moderate in protein (10 -20 percent to calories) and includes many carbohydrates like beans, vegetables and cereals. Regular exercise aids body cells to absorb glucose. Even just ten minutes of activity per day is effective. Exercise and diet control could also play a part in weight loss, as it is believed to stop the body from being able to utilize insulin.